Plant lots of flowering plants in the garden
Always plant into good soil which means adding compost and organic fertilisers. Healthy soil = healthy plants = healthy diet.
For additional spring planting see under heading seasonal tasks spring / summer.
Autumn is a good time to apply organic fertiliser to all garden beds and lawns. If you live in a cool climate zone plant out garlic now straight into the earth. Also consider planting a plum tree, there are some low chill varieties. If you live in a temperate zone place garlic in the fridge for a couple of weeks, this will give it the chill it requires and then plant out into the garden. Garlic will take about 6 months, when the leaves begin to die back that’s an indication that its ready for harvest.
The bottom section of the garden bed the reservoir is filled with pebbles like scoria or blue metal. Then geotextile fabric is placed on top of the pebbles. This is the barrier between the reservoir and the top area of soil. The geotextile fabric allows water to penetrate and this results in capillary action. Watering from the bottom up. The fabric will stop the soil from filtering into the reservoir.
Pull out all the weeds and plant a winter green manure crop. Green manure crop is made up of a mixture of seeds like oats ,lupins, rye corn and dun peas. Green manure will grow over winter, it will crowd out weeds and when dug back into the soil in early spring will provide nutrient to the earth. Green manure can be purchased on line, see Green Patch if you live in NSW or the ACT or see Green harvest if you live in Queensland.
Either pullout all the weeds or leave the weeds and cover with sheets of damp newspaper. If you leave the weeds in the patch use extra sheets of newspaper. The paper acts as a weed mat. Then place down a layer of mulch this can be Lucerne or sugar cane mulch. You can allow the patch to rest over winter or plant winter vegetables and winter annuals. If it’s to be the latter place soil over the layer of mulch / Lucerne and mix soil with compost, cow manure, blood and bone, and chicken pellets. Then place another layer of Lucerne over the top of the soil mix. When planting vegies and flowers make a hole in the Lucerne, drop some soil into the hole and plant your seedlings. Then spread Lucerne around the base of plantings. This is called a No dig garden.
for more information on No dig gardens .
Shady vegetable garden
Let them rest over winter, you could try green manure or just mulch with newspaper and Lucerne. In summer try leafy greens like Asian greens, all types of lettuce, Spinach, Silverbeet, some chillies and bananas.
Autumn is a good time to add organic matter to the soil and garden beds.
Can be purchased in bags or one can make create compost from kitchen scraps, dry leaves, coffee grounds and garden clippings.
Homemade compost is best as it contains recycled goodness.
This can be purchased in pellet form and is best applied during rain. Spread around the drip line of trees and shrubs.
This can be purchased in bags and is added to the soil. Its great as it improves the soil. Raw cow manure is best mixed into compost and allowed to brew for a few weeks.
Cold dry manure. Can be applied straight onto a garden and mixed in. Or horse manure can be added to open compost bays or bins and allowed to mix and brew.
Worm farms provide worm juice. Seasol is a great organic liquid fertiliser.
Acid loving plants
Include, Blue berries, Azaleas and Camellias. These plants require specific acid loving fertiliser and or compost.
Best times to add fertiliser, generally autumn and spring.